The Geometry of Urban Layouts - A Global Comparative Study

von Mahbub Rashid
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Mahbub Rashid The Geometry of Urban Layouts - A Global Comparative Study
Mahbub Rashid - The Geometry of Urban Layouts - A Global Comparative Study

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Beschreibung

This book presents a compendium of the urban layout maps of 2-mile square downtown areas of more than one hundred cities in developed and developing countries—all drawn at the same scale using high-resolution satellite images of Google Maps. The book also presents analytic studies using metric geometrical, topological (or network), and fractal measures of these maps. These analytic studies identify ordinaries, extremes, similarities, and differences in these maps; investigate the scaling properties of these maps; and develop precise descriptive categories, types and indicators for multidimensional comparative studies of these maps. The findings of these studies indicate that many geometric relations of the urban layouts of downtown areas follow regular patterns; that despite social, economic, and cultural differences among cities, the geometric measures of downtown areas in cities of developed and developing countries do not show significant differences; and that the geometric possibilities of urban layouts are vastly greater than those that have been realized so far in our cities.

Mitwirkende

Autor:
Mahbub Rashid

Weitere Informationen

Anmerkung Illustrationen:
XIV, 453 p. 65 illus., 57 illus. in color.
Inhaltsverzeichnis:

Dedication.- Acknowledgement.- Part
I.- The
Geometry of Urban Layouts: A comparative study of the urban layout maps of
downtown areas in cities around the world.- Introduction.- What is this book about?.-
Why do
we need this book?.- How  is this book going to affect urban design and
science?.- An overview of this book.- References.- Urban
layout and its significance.- Introduction.- Geometry, spatial representation, and urban layout.- Urban layout as map space.-
The
significance of urban layout.- References.- Studies on the geometry of urban layouts: A review of the
literature.- Introduction.- Metric geometric studies of urban layouts.- Normative aesthetic studies of urban layouts.- Empirical studies of urban layouts.- Morphological studies of urban layouts.- Configurational studies of urban layouts.- Fractal studies of urban layouts.- “Space syntax” studies of urban layouts.- GIS in configurational studies of urban layouts.- Discussion and conclusions.-
References.- Materials and measures.- Introduction.- Study sample.- Study area.- Urban layout maps.- Street
maps.- Urban block maps.- Linear maps.- Preparing
the maps.- Urban layout measures.- Measures: Street and street centerline maps.- Measures: Urban block maps.-
Measures:
Axial and segment maps.- References.- Detecting ordinaries, extremes, similarities, and
differences: Univariate descriptions of urban layouts .- Introduction.- Univariate
descriptions of street and street centerline maps.-
Univariate
descriptions of urban block maps.- Univariate
descriptions of axial and segment maps.- Extremes,
similarities, and differences in the geometry of urban layouts .- Exceptional cities around the world.- Exceptional cities in developed countries.- Exceptional cities in developing countries.- Differences and similarities in urban layouts of cities in
developed and developing countries.- Discussion
and conclusions.- Examining scaling laws: Bivariate
descriptions of urban layouts.- Introduction.-
Scaling
laws.- Mathematical expressions.- Scaling in biology.- Scaling
in cities.- Rank-size distributions in the geometry
of urban layouts.- Rank-size distributions in street and
street centerline maps.- Rank-size
distributions in urban block maps.- Rank-size
distributions in axial and segment maps.- Discussion:
Rank-size distributions in the geometry of urban layouts.- Allometry in the geometry of urban layouts.- Allometry in street and street centerline maps.- Allometry in urban block maps.-
Allometry
in axial and segment maps.- Other
allometric relations between the measures of different urban layouts.- Discussion: Allometry in the geometry of urban layouts.- Discussion and conclusions.-
References.- Developing descriptive categories, types, and indicators:
Multivariate descriptions of urban layouts.- Introduction.- Criteria for descriptive categories of the geometry of urban
layouts.- Descriptive categories of the geometry
of urban layouts and their types and measures.-
Quantity.- Density.- Granularity.- Compactness.- Continuity.- Accessibility.- Complexity.- Descriptive indicators, and similarities and differences in
the geometry of urban layouts.- Quantity indicators.- Density indicators.- Granularity
indicators.- Compactness indicators.- Continuity indicators.- Accessibility
indicators.- Complexity indicators.- Discussions and conclusions.-
References.- Robustness, resiliency, and universality in the geometry of
urban layouts.- Introduction.- Urbanity and the physical environment of the city.- The physical environment of the city and the descriptive
system of the book.- Contributions of the book.- Univariate analyses.- Bivariate
analyses.- Multivariate analyses.- Moving forward.- Postscript.- References.- Part II.- The
Geometry of Urban Layouts: A compendium of the urban layout maps of downtown
areas in cities around the world.

Bemerkungen:
This book is more comprehensive than any previous books on geometric studies of urban layouts


In fact, it would have been hard to conceive a book like this before Google Maps


It includes more cities from both developed and developing countries; uses larger study areas; and has more drawings of urban layouts than any previous books on similar topics


This book also uses and integrates several metric, fractal and topological measures in urban layout studies that no other book has done before

Medientyp:
Buch gebunden
Verlag:
Springer International Publishing
Biografie:
Mahbub Rashid is a Professor of the School of Architecture, Design, and Urban Planning at the University of Kanas. Presently, he serves as the Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies of the school, and the Chair of the MA/PhD Programs in Architecture. With a Master’s degree from MIT and a PhD degree from Georgia Tech, Dr. Rashid is an expert in theories and methods of architectural research with a focus on the structures of form and space. He uses innovative spatial and social network, fractal, and statistical analysis techniques along with more traditional research methods and methodologies to study the effects of built form and space on human behavior, psychology, society and culture in office, healthcare, and urban environments. Registered as an architect in Georgia, USA, Dr. Rashid also works as an architectural consultant for reputable architectural design firms. Dr. Rashid has over 80 major and minor publications. His major publications include over 50 peer-reviewed articles (about 40 of them as the sole and/or main author) in journals, books, and conference proceedings.
Sprache:
Englisch
Auflage:
1st ed. 2017
Seitenanzahl:
453

Stammdaten

Produkttyp:
Buch Gebunden
Verpackungsabmessungen:
0.239 x 0.165 x 0.031 m; 0.85 kg
GTIN:
09783319307480
DUIN:
AJKG9I3OVOB
CHF 155.45
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