Deamination - Amino acid, Amine, Glutamic acid, Kidney, Ammonia, Urea, Uric acid
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Deamination is the removal of an amine group from a molecule. Enzymes which catalyse this reaction are called deaminases. In the human body, deamination takes place primarily in the liver, however glutamate is also deaminated in the kidneys. Deamination is the process by which amino acids are broken down if there is an excess of protein intake. The amino group is removed from the amino acid and converted to ammonia. The rest of the amino acid is made up of mostly carbon and hydrogen, and is recycled or oxidized for energy. Ammonia is toxic to the human system, and enzymes convert it to urea or uric acid by addition of carbon dioxide molecules (which is not considered a deamination process) in the urea cycle, which also takes place in the liver. Urea and uric acid can safely diffuse into the blood and then be excreted in urine.
0.23 x 0.15 x 0.01 m; 0.259 kg